The island of Bali has a multitude of temples, whose sizes vary according to their type: family temples, temples of district or national temples. Every morning, the locals go to file with the offerings to pay homage to the benevolent spirits, while the offerings left elsewhere, on sidewalks and in front of houses are used to appease the evil demons. Generally the Balinese temples are oriented towards the mountains (kaja), the sea (Kelod) or the rising sun (Kangin). The benevolent spirits inhabit the mountains and guarantee prosperity, while the giants and demons hide in the sea. There are worshiped the same gods of India, but there are several spirits and local entities.
Besakih Temple Highlights
In the Northeast, the Pura Basakih, situated on the side of Mount Agung, is the most important and oldest temple on the island (built between the fourteenth and the seventeenth century). Once known as “Naga Besukian” the residence of the god-dragon, Pura Besakih gained fame State Temple at the beginning of the 11th century. Showing generosity to accommodate all devotees irrespective of class and caste, Pura Besakih Temple Bali attracts thousands of visitors each year.
It is about 60km from Denpasar. The temple of Besakih rises along the slopes of Mount Agung about 1000 meters above sea level. It is a complex of temples, considered the oldest and most revered island. It includes about 200 temples that attract numerous processions throughout the year to pay homage to the gods Brahma (right), Shiva (center) and Vishnu (left). At the center, on the banks lined with water lilies Lake Batran, there is the Pura Bedugul (Ulu Danu), regarded as the most beautiful temple of Bali. The latter is dedicated to the goddess of water (Meru to 11 roofs) and the goddess of rice (Meru three roofs).
To the west of the island, over a long stretch of sand, Pura Rambut Siwit is perched on top of a cliff. A south island, The Tanah Lot temple is the most important religious building dedicated to the sea. In the top of a rocky promontory, it was built in the sixteenth century in homage to the spirits of the sea. It is to be admired in the late afternoon, when his profile stands out in the sun shine. According to belief, poisonous sea snakes living at the foot of the rock are considered the guardians of the temple, which protect it from demons, intruders, and other evil spirits.